Oman
Oman
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Map of Oman
Map of Oman

Background:

The people of Oman have been wealthy for many years because of trade on the Indian Ocean. In the late 18th century, a ruler of Oman signed an agreement with the United Kingdom. Over time, Oman became more and more dependent on Great Britain, but it never became a colony of Great Britian. In 1970, Qaboos bin Said al-Said overthrew the restrictive rule of his father; he has ruled as ever since. He believes in modernization and keeping ties with Great Britain.

Geography:
Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE

Population:

3,418,085
Ethnic groups
Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Religions
Ibadhi Muslim 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu) 25%

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Literacy
total population: 81.4%

Official Government Name

Sultanate of Oman

Capital city

Muscat

Federalism?

No

Administrative Divisions
5 regions and 4 governorates

Independence
1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

Constitution
None.

Suffrage
21 years of age; universal; note - members of the military and security forces are not allowed to vote

Executive Branch
chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarchelections: the monarch is hereditary

Legislative Branch
There are two divisions in the Majlis Oman

Judicial Branch

Supreme Court

Problems
Human trafficking is a problem in Oman. This means that people get bought and sold as slaves.